Do You Really Need a Curriculum Vitae?

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A timeless mix-up that has brought confusion to individuals in the workforce is the difference between a resumé and a curriculum vitae. Both of them include listings of your work experience and other personal achievements, but a curriculum vitae, in particular, is a lengthier and more comprehensive list of all the important and relevant achievements in your professional experience. A resumé, in comparison, is merely a more summarized list that contains only the most relevant information and work experience. A curriculum vitae can go up to even ten pages, while a resumé is ideally only a page long. The reason a curriculum vitae is so much lengthier, however, is because these are used for more research and teaching-based jobs, like in the academe (which will be expounded on later). So now that you know what differs between these two, what do you actually need to put in a curriculum vitae?

Personal information and experiences

Naturally, every employment application needs to contain your basic information, educational attainment, and awards and recognitions. Including both your hard and soft skills is also a given, since employers would want to know where you believe your strengths lie. 

Apart from these, a curriculum vitae needs to have detailed lists of your teaching or research experiences, as having an extensive amount would ensure that you have exerted many years into refining your skills professionally. You will also want to insert notes of your conference presentations and attendance so that employers can also be aware of your skills in public speaking. Furthermore, include a list of your grants and funding. When employers are aware that your past work has received financial support and investment, they will be more likely to trust you with serious and heavy work.

After putting your curriculum vitae together, it’s time to send it in with your application. But what careers specifically need a CV instead of a resumé?


Typically, jobs in the academe need one so that you can prove your qualification through past research and teaching work. Employers would prefer full transparency on where you taught and what kinds of research you did since you will potentially be applying for researcher or professor jobs.

A career in medicine would also strongly need a curriculum vitae since you would have to prove you went through a sufficient number of years of medical education for the job. Physicians also have had to take several tests in the past for major evaluations, so having those scores in your curriculum vitae would be helpful as well. This would allow you to prove that you have the right skills and experience to save lives.

Lastly, the law industry also requires a curriculum vitae for applications. Like careers in medicine, practitioners also go through several years of post-college law education and preliminary experience before breaking into the industry. A well-written curriculum vitae would be able to cover the educational history, skills, and everything the applicant would have to offer the company or firm they are applying for.

Since curricula vitae are mostly needed for careers that are mostly focused on heavy teaching and research, be sure to know if the career you want really needs one or not. Otherwise, just stick to a resumé!

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